Pink to red tourmaline is called rubellite. Appearance The color varies from pink of varying degrees of intensity to a red which is quite attractive, although usually a bit less lively than that of ruby; it may also be violet pink or red, and pink orred with a brownish tinge. Like all tourmalines, it has strong pleochroism, sometimes visible as a deeper color or lesser transparency along the axis of the prism. lt is cut into all shapes; cabochons when the stone is too full of inclusions, but more often faceted oval, round, pear-shaped or other creative styles. Quite large stones are often seen.

Distinctive features In many cases, the color is fairly distinctive: it is a bit subdued, and not enlivened by bright light like ruby. When the stone is out with the tablo facet perpendicular to the axis of the prism, to achieve a deeper, redder color, it shows a strange loss of transparency. Pink tourmalines are, as a rule, also rather duller than other, similargems, but may be a beautiful, brilliant violet-pink.

Occurrence It is found in Siberia (to the extent that some call the violet-red -variety siberite), Burma, Sri Lanka, Brazil, the United States (California), and Madagascar.

Value The liveliest, bright red or very attractive pink gems with few inclusions are not common and are quite valuable secondary gems. Stones of more subdued color are readily available and quite -modestly priced.

Simulants and synthetics It is neither imitated nor produced synthetically.